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1.
The technique of thermal desorption (TD)–GC/MS was evaluated for measuring airborne, 4–6 ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) collected onto quartz filters. TD provides a more readily automated and sensitive alternative to traditional solvent extraction, decreasing the time/cost of analysis and reducing the risk of analyte loss or sample contamination. The developed method was successfully applied to the analysis of PAH standard solutions loaded on sorbent tubes packed with quartz wool and the graphitized carbon black sorbent Carbograph2. The optimized method showed high desorption efficiency over the whole range of target PAHs with good precision, linearity and sensitivity. The proposed method was verified on an urban dust Standard Reference Material (SRM 1649a); the experimentally determined concentrations agreed with the certified ranges (95% confidence limit) for all target compounds except benzo[a]anthracene, which fell just outside the narrow certified range. The desorption efficiency and the reproducibility of the method was evaluated by analysing pieces of real sample filters sampled from urban air for a period of 24 h. The results confirmed the homogeneity of the filter and showed high recovery efficiencies for all target PAHs.  相似文献   
2.
为研究机动车道路行驶过程中轮胎磨损排放的颗粒物理化特性,利用轮胎轮廓仿真磨耗仪,对国内主流17种轮胎胎面进行仿真磨耗实验,获得颗粒物样品,提取并检测其中18种元素和20种多环芳烃(PAHs)的含量.结果显示,元素和PAHs含量因轮胎品牌和速度等级的不同而差异显著.18种元素平均含量为(99.04±68.43)mg/g,占样品总重的9.90%,其中Si(88.97±67.85)mg/g、Zn(6.77±1.64)mg/g和Na(1.05±0.75)mg/g的平均含量均超过1mg/g,Cd的含量最低,为(0.43±0.31)μg/g.20种PAHs含量之和(∑20PAHs)在12.13~433.64 μg/g,平均为(94.13±110.18)μg/g,PY的平均含量最高(30.98±31.27)μg/g,其次是CHR、BaP、FA、PHE和BghiP,平均含量最低的是AC(0.58±0.2)μg/g;从环数看,以4环PAHs为主(占∑20PAHs的45.03%~67.93%),其次为3环(平均含量为15.45%)和5环(平均含量为12.62%).总体来说,国外品牌轮胎样品中元素和PAHs含量略高于国内品牌,而主要PAHs环数略低于国内品牌.  相似文献   
3.
4.
Surficial sediment samples collected from Kaohsiung Harbour and its nearby coast were analyzed for aliphatic hydrocarbons and parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). According to our results, the average total concentrations of n-alkanes (n-C12 to C35) and aromatics (15 PAHs) were 4.33 µg g–1 dry weight (ranged 0.46–22.60) and 0.59 µg g–1 dry weight (ranged 0.09–1.75), respectively. The highest concentrations of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons were recorded in stations near the estuaries of Qianzhen River and Love River, respectively. Aliphatic hydrocarbons in the samples indicate that there has been significant non-petrogenic, possibly terrestrial, contribution in the sediment of the open coast of Kaohsiung Harbour and that there has been dominant contribution from petrogenic sources in the sediment of the inner harbour. PAHs, detected in the samples, however, indicated a higher pyrolytic contribution in open-coast samples and a higher petrogenic contribution in the inner harbour. Overall, sediment concentrations of total alkanes in this study were comparable to those found in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong and are higher than those found in Xiamen Harbour, China. Concentrations of total PAHs in inner Kaohsiung Harbour sediments were relatively lower than those found in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong and Xiamen Harbour, China, but comparable to those found in Hsin-ta Harbour, Taiwan and Incheon Harbour, Korea. In comparison with several effect-based sediment quality guidelines, most PAH concentrations found in samples taken from inner harbour stations exceeded the Threshold Effect Level of Florida indicating a slight possibility of adverse effects.  相似文献   
5.
研究了一种用中流量采样器采样,超声波萃取,硅镁型吸附剂柱层析预分离.高效液谱测定总悬浮颗粒物的实验方法,在16分内可分高萘、蒽、芘、苯并(a)芘、苯并(ghi)苝等15种多环芳烃.已在大气环境的实际监测中得到应用.  相似文献   
6.
Sorption of pyrene on two paddy soils and their particle-size fractions   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
In the present study, the sorption of pyrene on two kinds of bulk paddy soils, Gleyic Stagnic Anthrosols, and Ferric accumulic Stagnic Anthrosols as well as their particle-size fractions was investigated. The sorption isotherms fitted well with Freundlich equation. For both soils, the clay fraction( 〈 2μm) and coarse sand fraction(2000-250μm) had higher sorption capacity than fine sand fraction(250-20 μm) and silt fraction(20-2 μm). The IogKoc values obtained of each soil and its particle-size fractions were similar, proving that SOM content was a key factor affecting pyrene sorption. The Kd values showed a significant correlation with contents of dithionite-extractable Fe in both paddy soils and a good relationship with CEC in Gleyic Stagnic Anthrosols, indicating possible effects of surface properties of particle-size fractions on the sorption of pyrene.  相似文献   
7.
通过污染源调查和采集样品分析得出唐山市大气中多环芳烃污染现状,与国内外一些城市相比较,了解目前唐山市大气中多环芳烃污染水平。  相似文献   
8.
研究了吉林市大气PM10的污染水平和其中优控PAHs总量的地区和季节分布特征。同时对PM10与PAHs的相关性进行了分析。研究表明,PAHs与大气PM10的地区分布大致成正相关,春季最重,夏季最轻:哈达湾最重,江南公园最轻。两者同时受到污染源排放和气象因素的影响。  相似文献   
9.
多环芳烃的分配系数与双区理论   总被引:5,自引:1,他引:5  
以双区理论为基础,提出了多环芳烃的致癌性与其分配系数之间的定量关系方程,并利用该方程计算了77个多环芳烃的致癌性。计算值与实验值基本符合。  相似文献   
10.
多环芳烃的污染及其生物修复   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
多环芳烃(PAHs)是环境介质中普遍存在的难降解有机污染物,文中综述了目前国内外对PAHs的研究状况,重点阐述了它的来源分布、迁移转化、生物毒性、监测控制及其生物修复的研究进展等,从而为防治环境污染提供科学依据。  相似文献   
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