首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   3篇
  评价与监测   3篇
  2014年   1篇
  2009年   1篇
  2005年   1篇
排序方式: 共有3条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1
1.
Two vegetation-monitoring methods were compared: subplot frequency analysis (SF) and visual estimation of percentage cover (VE). Two independent observers collected data from two semi-natural, species-rich grasslands on three different occasions during the growth-season. During the last data collection period, survey times were also recorded. The two different data sets from the two methods were compared using partial Redundancy Analyses. The purpose of the comparison was to identify the method that explains most of the relevant variation in biodiversity-monitoring (inter-and intra-site variation), and the variation irrelevant when evaluating data (systematic inter-observer variation and variation due to phenological changes). Compared with VE data, more variation in SF data could be explained by spatial variables, while less variation depended on the observer and time of year surveyed. SF also found more species per plot but took on average five times longer to complete than VE. In conclusion, the different methods are suitable for different purposes: SF is more suitable for purposes demanding high accuracy and high precision, such as long-term biodiversity-monitoring when the identification of small changes has high priority, while VE might be more suitable for a one-time mapping of a large area.  相似文献
2.
以2009—2012年MODIS遥感影像为主要数据源,提出了基于中长时间尺度多时相数据的空间分布频率指数(SDFI)与计算方法,通过分析比较4年太湖水华SDFI计算结果,并结合同期湖体浮标自动监测数据,发现太湖西部沿岸水华暴发频率和营养盐浓度最高,梅梁湖和竺山湖次之,应当作为下一阶段太湖水环境监控治理的重点区域。  相似文献
3.
为了探究湛江市空气NO2浓度的变化特征及时频特性,以达到有效防治空气污染,利用数理统计方法和时频分析技术的短时傅立叶变换、小波分解分析、平滑伪Wigner-Ville分布分析、重排谱图及Hough变换等方法进行了分析和研究。结果表明,湛江市空气NO2浓度较全国大多数城市偏低,逐日差异明显,变化辐度波动大,资料离散度高。分布形态属正偏(右偏)分布,偏斜程度较大,分布陡峭,为尖峰分布。湛江市空气NO2浓度的变化逐年呈明显减少趋势,年内跨度也明显减少,波动变小,同时NO2逐日资料的年分布形态偏斜程度明显减少,尖峰分布逐年变得更为平缓。NO2季节变化比较明显,年周期性清楚。NO2年内变化具有冬春季节值大,夏秋季节值小,变化相对平缓的年趋势变化特性;冬春季节振辐大,夏秋季节振辐小,小波分解变化信号的频率从低层至高层细节系数逐层降低的年振荡波动特性。湛江市空气NO2浓度的重排谱图与平滑伪Wigner-Ville分布趋势相近,但没有交叉项,时频聚集性好,可解释性强。平滑伪Wigner-Ville分布的Hough变换可发现湛江市空气NO2浓度年内的辐值变化峰值。  相似文献
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号