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1.
Fu  Li  Chen  Yi  Yang  Xinyi  Yang  Zuyao  Liu  Sha  Pei  Lei  Feng  Baixiang  Cao  Ganxiang  Liu  Xin  Lin  Hualiang  Li  Xing  Ye  Yufeng  Zhang  Bo  Sun  Jiufeng  Xu  Xiaojun  Liu  Tao  Ma  Wenjun 《Environmental science and pollution research international》2019,26(20):20137-20147
Environmental Science and Pollution Research - Fetal growth has been demonstrated to be an important predictor of perinatal and postnatal health. Although the effects of maternal exposure to air...  相似文献   
2.
采用臭氧辅助光芬顿法处理电镀添加剂生产废水,考察双氧水、FeSO4·7H2O、pH和反应时间等因素对废水COD和UV254去除的影响。实验结果表明,pH=4,臭氧通入量为0.25 g,双氧水的投加量93.3 mL/L,FeSO4·7H2O投加量为5.3 g/L,最佳反应时间为30 min,COD和UV254去除率分别达到92.64%和87.95%。这表明,臭氧辅助光芬顿法对电镀添加剂生产废水处理效果显著,处理时间大大减少。  相似文献   
3.
对激光辐照线路导线的安全影响进行了多物理场有限元仿真和实验研究。仿真结果表明清异激光引起的温度升高不会造成钢芯涂镀层、铝线、钢芯线损坏;激光辐照架空线路铝导线实验结果表明,清异激光对铝导线体表无微观和宏观可见损伤,对铝导线电学和抗拉强度性能几乎没有影响。  相似文献   
4.
The factors that influence the increase or decrease of silt loadings on paved roadways have not been fully quantitatively investigated. They were identified in this study based on the quarterly silt loading sampling data collected from 20 sites by the Clark County Department of Air Quality and Environmental Management in Southern Nevada for the period from 2000 to 2003. The silt loading and associated data collected over these years at one sampling site may inherently possess site-specific characteristics that can be better incorporated by using panel data models. The factors that are identified as significant are the presence of curbs and gutters, shoulder type, pavement conditions, and the presence of construction activities in the vicinity of roadways. The presence of curbs and gutters, stabilized shoulders, and good pavement conditions would result in decreased silt loadings. Conversely, the presence of construction activities within the immediate vicinity of sampled areas would result in increases of silt loadings on the roadway surfaces. Based on the analysis of the results, it was recommended that constructing curbs, gutters and stabilized shoulders, preventing or reducing construction track-out from construction activity, and improving pavement conditions be the preferred control measures to reduce silt loading on paved roadways.  相似文献   
5.
目前,企业动火作业中的焊接工作在我国应用非常广泛。是现代化工业生产及装备维修中不可缺少的重要加工工序。随着我国世界制造大国地位的确立和连续化作业的加强。该工种的重要性日益凸现。尤其在船舶制造、集装箱生产和机车车辆、压力容器生产与维修等诸多领域,焊接工作更是主力工种。据可靠消息。近年来世界船舶和集装箱生产正逐渐向中国转移。主要也是由于我国焊接工业越来越发达。  相似文献   
6.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research - There are relatively few studies that focus on the health effects of exposure to size-specific particles on respiratory mortality in China. We aimed...  相似文献   
7.
We reported the study of the degradation of the azo dye cationic red X-GRL by the electro-Fenton process using an activated carbon fiber cathode. The electrogeneration of hydrogen peroxide in solution using different material cathodes fed with air was investigated, and the results revealed that the activated carbon fiber cathode was more effective compared to the graphite cathode. The decolorization and mineralization of cationic red X-GRL were also determined. The effect of the operating parameters, such as the initial Fe2+ concentration, temperature and initial dye concentration, was investigated. The optimum Fe2+ catalyst concentration values for the degradation of cationic red X-GRL was found to be 5 mM. The rate of decolorization and mineralization of dye could be accelerated by increasing the temperature. In addition, the decolorization and total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiency decreased with the increasing initial dye concentration, while the TOC removal increased. Two different transition metal ions (Cu2+ and Mn2+) were applied as substitutes for ferrous sulfate for evaluating catalytic effect. The results indicated that Cu2+ and Mn2+ were more effective than Fe2+ in catalyzing the degradation of the dye.  相似文献   
8.
ABSTRACT

Pulse jet fabric filters (PJFFs) have become an attractive option of particulate collection utilities, because they can meet stringent particulate emission limits regardless of variation in operating conditions. Despite their wide applications, the present control algorithm for PJFFs can best be described as rudimentary. In this paper, a modeling and control strategy based on the local model network (LMN) is proposed. An extended self-organizing map (ESOM) network is developed to construct the LMN model of the filtration process using the filter's input-output data. Subsequently, these ESOM local models are incorporated into the design of local generalized predictive controllers (GPC), and the proposed controller design is obtained as the weighted sum of these local controllers. Simulation results show that the proposed controller design yields a better performance than both conventional GPC and proportional plus integral (PI) controllers yield.  相似文献   
9.
This study investigates the physical and chemical characteristics of sludge treated with controlled levels of electric field. The results indicated that the potential gradient and contact time strongly influenced the physical and chemical characteristics of sludge. Based on the settling velocity measurements, a potential gradient of 6 V/cm with a treatment time of 10 min is recommended as an optimal condition for improving sludge settling. For sludge disintegration, applying a higher potential gradient and a longer treatment time to the sludge are more efficient than applying lower levels. The results of the experiments presented here show that an electric field not only disintegrates sludge and destroys microbial cells but also removes and solubilizes organic substances. Possible mechanisms of electric field treatment are also discussed.  相似文献   
10.
An autocontrol two-stage hybrid process was developed to treat landfill leachate. Biological nitrogen removal with nitrification and denitrification via nitrite pathway was split into two stages. The first stage was designed for the high nitrite accumulation and was composed of two hybrid bed reactors (Hybrid I and Hybrid II) and a coagulation–flocculation reactor having effective volumes of 120 L and 80 L, respectively. The second stage was designed for strengthening denitrification and included a single 80 L reactor. The carriers of the hybrid bed reactors were composed of fixed multiple flexible carriers and suspended particle carriers. Dissolved oxygen (DO), pH value, oxidation–reduction potential (ORP) and temperature were used as online fuzzy control parameters of the automatic control system. The concentration of nitrite in Hybrid I and Hybrid II could reach 411 mg L−1 and 604 mg L−1, respectively. Ammonia removal has reached maximal rates of 0.061 kgNH4+-N (m3 h)−1 and 0.041 kgNH4+-N (m3 h)−1, respectively. A maximum nitrite removal rate of 0.211 kgNO2-N (m3 h)−1 was observed during the strengthening denitrification. The running time of one cycle was not fixed and was actually controlled by the system. The results indicated that the running period was more closely related to influent ammonia concentration than influent COD concentration. The aeration times could be shortened and the energy could be saved. The autocontrol two-stage hybrid process is therefore an economical and effective way for landfill leachate treatment.  相似文献   
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