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1.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research - A mechanical harvesting technology based on coupling flocculation with a rotary drum filter (RDF, 35-μm) was applied to remove cyanobacterial...  相似文献   
2.
本文通过对我国城市化与经济发展的关系,分析了我国城市面临的灾害形势及城市应急管理中存在的问题,提出了加强城市应急能力建设的途径,可供国内各大中城市参考和借鉴.  相似文献   
3.
自然灾害灾情划分指标研究   总被引:6,自引:1,他引:6  
孙振凯  毛国敏 《灾害学》1994,9(2):84-87
本文阐述了灾情分析中的两个基本方面,即损失的规模和损失的深度,提出了灾级和灾度的概念,对于影响灾级和灾度的主要指标也进行了分析。并就时间和空间变化对灾级划分界线的影响作了论述。  相似文献   
4.
● Established a quantification method of pollutant emission standard. ● Predicted the SO2 emission intensity of single coking enterprises in China. ● Evaluated the influence of pollutant discharge standard on prediction accuracy. ● Analyzed the SO2 emissions of Chinese provincial and municipal coking enterprises. Industrial emissions are the main source of atmospheric pollutants in China. Accurate and reasonable prediction of the emission of atmospheric pollutants from single enterprise can determine the exact source of atmospheric pollutants and control atmospheric pollution precisely. Based on China’s coking enterprises in 2020, we proposed a quantitative method for pollutant emission standards and introduced the quantification results of pollutant emission standards (QRPES) into the construction of support vector regression (SVR) and random forest regression (RFR) prediction methods for SO2 emission of coking enterprises in China. The results show that, affected by the types of coke ovens and regions, China’s current coking enterprises have implemented a total of 21 emission standards, with marked differences. After adding QRPES, it was found that the root mean squared error (RMSE) of SVR and RFR decreased from 0.055 kt/a and 0.059 kt/a to 0.045 kt/a and 0.039 kt/a, and theR2 increased from 0.890 and 0.881 to 0.926 and 0.945, respectively. This shows that the QRPES can greatly improve the prediction accuracy, and the SO2 emissions of each enterprise are highly correlated with the strictness of standards. The predicted result shows that 45% of SO2 emissions from Chinese coking enterprises are concentrated in Shanxi, Shaanxi and Hebei provinces in central China. The method created in this paper fills in the blank of forecasting method of air pollutant emission intensity of single enterprise and is of great help to the accurate control of air pollutants.  相似文献   
5.
柴启家 《黑龙江环境通报》2022,35(1):117-118,121
为保证环保工作的有效性,推动环保工作不断向好发展,分析了环境监测及其分类,指出环境监测对环保工作的影响.其可为环境评价的不断完善提供数据依据,降低环境治理成本,推动环保工作高效顺利开展.提出了进一步发挥环境监测对环保工作积极影响的措施:加大资金投入力度,加强环境监测专业队伍建设力度,确保环保工作高质量高效率开展,为人们...  相似文献   
6.
日本大气污染防治立法新动向探微   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
日本的大气污染防治法律制度以达标排放作为基础和核心要求而确立,实行事前申审查和翱翔放申报审查的中报审查制度、总量控制制度与区域控制制度等。  相似文献   
7.
The microbial quality of urban recreational water is of great concern to public health.The monitoring of indicator organisms and several pathogens alone is not sufficient to accurately and comprehensively identify microbial risks.To assess the levels of bacterial pathogens and health risks in urban recreational water,we analyzed pathogen diversity and quantified four pathogens in 46 water samples collected from waterbodies in Beijing Olympic Forest Park in one year.The pathogen diversity revealed by 16 S r RNA gene targeted next-generation sequencing(NGS) showed that 16 of 40 genera and 13 of 76 reference species were present.The most abundant species were Acinetobacter johnsonii,Mycobacterium avium and Aeromonas spp.Quantitative polymerase chain reaction(q PCR) of Escherichia coli(uid A),Aeromonas(aer A),M.avium(16S r RNA),Pseudomonas aeruginosa(oaa) and Salmonella(inv A) showed that the aer A genes were the most abundant,occurring in all samples with concentrations of 10~(4–6) genome copies/100 m L,followed by oaa,inv A and M.avium.In total,34.8% of the samples harbored all genes,indicating the prevalence of these pathogens in this recreational waterbody.Based on the q PCR results,a quantitative microbial risk assessment(QMRA) showed that the annual infection risks of Salmonella,M.avium and P.aeruginosa in five activities were mostly greater than the U.S.EPA risk limit for recreational contacts,and children playing with water may be exposed to the greatest infection risk.Our findings provide a comprehensive understanding of bacterial pathogen diversity and pathogen abundance in urban recreational water by applying both NGS and q PCR.  相似文献   
8.
电力系统震后恢复过程及经济损失研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
本文通过专家咨询的方法,调查、分析、研究了我国电力系统的震后恢复过程,给出了电力系统主体部分、分布部分、服务部分震后功能损失的30%、60%和100%得到恢复的时间,计算了损失工作日数和间接经济损失,研究表明,震后恢复时间和损失工作日数均随地震烈度呈对数上升趋势,并且主体部分的震后恢复时间最长,损失工作日数最多,分布部分次之,服务部分的震后恢复时间最短,损失工作日数最少。本文还讨论了电力系统经济损失的分类和计算方法。  相似文献   
9.
The decay and distribution of bacterial pathogens in water is an important information for the health risk assessment to guide water safety management, and suspended algae might affect bacterial pathogens in water. This study established microcosms to investigate the effects of algae-related factors on the representative indicators and opportunistic pathogen species in water. We found that suspended algae increased the persistence of targeted species by 1-2 orders of magnitude of concentrations ...  相似文献   
10.
建立地震灾害指杯体系,对全面、系统地反映灾情是十分重要的。本文对地震灾害指标和指标体系的定义及指标的类型、建立指标体系的基本原则及其结构、功能等进行了论述。  相似文献   
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