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1.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research - Buildings account for nearly 2/5ths of global energy expenditure. Due to this figure, the 90s witnessed the rise of green buildings (GBs) that were...  相似文献   
2.
The performance of Ce-OMS-2 catalysts was improved by tuning the fill percentage in the hydrothermal synthesis process to increase the oxygen vacancy density. The Ce-OMS-2 samples were prepared with different fill percentages by means of a hydrothermal approach (i.e. 80%, 70%, 50% and 30%). Ce-OMS-2 with 80% fill percentage (Ce-OMS-2-80%) showed ozone conversion of 97%, and a lifetime experiment carried out for more than 20?days showed that the activity of the catalyst still remained satisfactorily high (91%). For Ce-OMS-2-80%, Mn ions in the framework as well as K ions in the tunnel sites were replaced by Ce4+, while for the others only Mn ions were replaced. O2-TPD and H2-TPR measurements proved that the Ce-OMS-2-80% catalyst possessed the greatest number of mobile surface oxygen species. XPS and XAFS showed that increasing the fill percentage can reduce the AOS of Mn and augment the amount of oxygen vacancies. The active sites, which accelerate the elimination of O3, can be enriched by increasing the oxygen vacancies. These findings indicate that increasing ozone removal can be achieved by tuning the fill percentage in the hydrothermal synthesis process.  相似文献   
3.
Methylglyoxal(CH_3COCHO,MG),which is one of the most abundant α-dicarbonyl compounds in the atmosphere,has been reported as a major source of secondary organic aerosol(SOA).In this work,the reaction of MG with hydroxyl radicals was studied in a 500 L smog chamber at(293±3) K,atmospheric pressure,(18±2)% relative humidity,and under different NOx and SO_2.Particle size distribution was measured by using a scanning mobility particle sizer(SMPS) and the results showed that the addition of SO_2 can promote SOA formation,while different NOx concentrations have different influences on SOA production.High NOx suppressed the SOA formation,whereas the particle mass concentration,particle number concentration and particle geometric mean diameter increased with the increasing NOx concentration at low NOx concentration in the presence of SO_2.In addition,the products of the OH-initiated oxidation of MG and the functional groups of the particle phase in the MG/OH/SO_2 and MG/OH/NOx/SO_2 reaction systems were detected by gas chromatography mass spectrometry(GC-MS) and attenuated total reflection fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy(ATR-FTIR) analysis.Two products,glyoxylic acid and oxalic acid,were detected by GC-MS.The mechanism of the reaction of MG and OH radicals that follows two main pathways,H atom abstraction and hydration,is proposed.Evidence is provided for the formation of organic nitrates and organic sulfate in particle phase from IR spectra.Incorporation of NOx and SO_2 influence suggested that SOA formation from anthropogenic hydrocarbons may be more efficient in polluted environment.  相似文献   
4.
Ozone (O3), as a harmful air pollutant, has been of wide concern. Safe, efficient, and economical O3 removal methods urgently need to be developed. Catalytic decomposition is the most promising method for O3 removal, especially at room temperature or even subzero temperatures. Great efforts have been made to develop high-efficiency catalysts for O3 decomposition that can operate at low temperatures, high space velocity and high humidity. First, this review describes the general reaction mechanism of O3 decomposition on noble metal and transition metal oxide catalysts. Then, progress on the O3 decomposition performance of various catalysts in the past 30 years is summarized in detail. The main focus is the O3 decomposition performance of manganese oxides, which are divided into supported manganese oxides and non-supported manganese oxides. Methods to improve the activity, stability, and humidity resistance of manganese oxide catalysts for O3 decomposition are also summarized. The deactivation mechanisms of manganese oxides under dry and humid conditions are discussed. The O3 decomposition performance of monolithic catalysts is also summarized from the perspective of industrial applications. Finally, the future development directions and prospects of O3 catalytic decomposition technology are put forward.  相似文献   
5.
ABSTRACT

A credit risk identification model is established to examine the credit status of Energy performance contracting (EPC) project clients (i.e., energy-using companies) in China based on rough set theory. The model is verified with data from 120 listed companies at different times. Study shows that lack of credit is one of the main obstacles to the implementation of EPC projects, and information asymmetry is the main reason for this lack of credit among potential clients in China. The credit risk identification method based on rough set theory can make up for the shortcomings of existing EPC projects in terms of credit risk identification, including redundant information and indicators, and unclear decision rules. Credit risk identification indicators of clients are dynamic. The research results can help energy service companies (ESCOs) determine the credit status of clients, facilitate cooperation between ESCOs and clients, and help explain the various dynamics of clients’ credit risk identification indicators over time.  相似文献   
6.
O3 decomposition catalysts with excellent performance still need to be developed. In this study, Ag-modified manganese oxides (AgMnOx) were synthesized by a simple co-precipitation method. The effect of calcination temperature on the activity of MnOx and AgMnOx catalysts was investigated. The effect of the amount of Ag addition on the activity and structure of the catalysts was further studied by activity testing and characterization by a variety of techniques. The activity of 8%AgMnOx for ozone decomposition was significantly enhanced due to the formation of the Ag1.8Mn8O16 structure, indicating that this phase has excellent performance for ozone decomposition. The weight content of Ag1.8Mn8O16 in the 8%AgMnOx catalyst was only about 33.76%, which further indicates the excellent performance of the Ag1.8Mn8O16 phase for ozone decomposition. The H2 temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR) results indicated that the reducibility of the catalysts increased due to the formation of the Ag1.8Mn8O16 structure. This study provides guidance for a follow-up study on Ag-modified manganese oxide catalysts for ozone decomposition.  相似文献   
7.
双酚A(BPA)作为一种典型的环境内分泌干扰物,与二型糖尿病和肥胖症等代谢类疾病密切相关.在这项研究中,旨在探讨BPA直接暴露以及围产期暴露对本体和子代胰岛β细胞影响的差异,从而实现对不同易感人群的精准预防与治疗.通过对GEO数据库中GSE126297和GSE82175两个数据集进行分析,共筛选出108个共有的差异基因,其中28个表达趋势一致,而另外80个表达趋势相反.随后对本体和子代单独的差异基因,以及共有差异基因进行了GO和KEGG对比分析.此外,利用String数据库和Cytoscape分析PPI网络中的紧密联系的基因,并将其可视化,进一步从28个表达趋势一致的基因中筛选出相互作用最为紧密的基因集1(Iqgap2,Igf2r和Rab18);从80个表达趋势相反的基因中筛选出相互作用紧密的基因集2(Polr2f,Ccnt2,Polr2e,Kdm7a,Fbl)和基因集3(Atp5g2,Atp5o和Ndufa6).最后,通过GEPIA在线验证上述基因在胰腺癌样本中的表达,研究发现Rab18,Polr2f,Polr2e,Fbl,Atp5g2,Atp5o和Ndufa6在胰腺癌病例中的表达均显著上升.同时,上述基因在本体中呈现显著上升趋势,而对于子代,只有Rab18显著上升,其他基因则呈下降趋势.综上,BPA对本体和子代的影响有一定的关联,其中关联的关键基因的异常表达可能会增加本体罹患胰腺癌的风险,而对于子代则会影响代谢过程和细胞结构.  相似文献   
8.
本研究以我国黄河口碱蓬湿地、九龙江口桐花树湿地、东寨港木榄湿地为研究样地,借助高通量测序技术探究这3个典型滨海湿地围垦养殖前、后土壤真菌多样性及群落结构的变化.结果表明:①不同地域湿地围垦养殖对土壤真菌群落多样性及丰富度影响表现不一致.九龙江口桐花树湿地围垦后,土壤真菌多样性及丰富度有所下降;黄河口碱蓬湿地和东寨港木榄湿地围垦后土壤真菌多样性及丰富度显著增加;②子囊菌门(Ascomycota)在湿地围垦养殖前、后土壤中均为优势真菌门,但其相对丰度在围垦后显著下降;③湿地围垦养殖改变了土壤真菌属水平群落组成,黄河口湿地围垦后,未出现翅孢壳属(Emericellopsis)、毛霉属(Mucor)、枝顶孢属(Acremonium);九龙江口和东寨港湿地围垦后,青霉属(Penicillium)相对丰度显著下降,并新增了镰刀菌属(Fusarium),九龙江口湿地围垦后还新增了链格孢属(Alternaria);④环境因子与湿地土壤真菌相对丰度存在一定程度的相关性,青霉属(Penicillium)与容重呈显著负相关(p<0.05),与pH呈显著负相关(p<0.01),与有机碳呈显著正相关(p<0.01);翅孢壳属(Emericellopsis)与容重和pH呈显著正相关(p<0.05),与有机碳呈显著负相关(p<0.01).  相似文献   
9.
军用S-4烟幕酸雾污染的清除   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
提出了环保型军事训练的概念,针对大量使用的S-4烟幕的严重污染,构建了基于引射技术利用碳酸钠细粉和直接通过三通阀利用氨水的2种清除方法。通过实验确定,碳酸钠的最佳粒径为150目过筛,不同浓度氨水均有好的清除效果,碳酸钠、氨的最佳用量分别为S-4发烟剂的1.35和0.433倍。  相似文献   
10.
互花米草是河口湿地典型的入侵物种,为了探究互花米草入侵对河口湿地铁还原菌群落结构及多样性影响,以闽江口秋茄湿地、闽江口芦苇湿地和漳江口白骨壤湿地3个典型的湿地为研究对象,分别对互花米草入侵前后土壤铁还原菌群落进行测定与分析.结果表明:①互花米草入侵使白骨壤湿地和芦苇湿地土壤铁还原菌多样性升高,使秋茄湿地铁还原菌多样性降低;②互花米草入侵白骨壤湿地后拟杆菌门(Bacteroidetes)相对丰度显著降低,变形菌门(Proteobacteria)铁还原菌的相对丰度显著提高(p<0.05);③互花米草入侵使湿地土壤铁还原菌的优势菌属发生演替.互花米草入侵后,秋茄湿地中优势菌属除硫单胞菌(Desulfuromonas)的丰度显著降低成为非优势菌属,而厌氧粘细菌(Anaeromyxobacter)的丰度显著提高成为第三优势菌属;白骨壤湿地中互花米草入侵后拟杆菌属(Bacteroides)的丰度显著降低成为非优势菌属;④环境因子及碳组分影响湿地土壤铁还原菌的相对丰度,Geobacter的相对丰度与可溶性有机碳、土壤微生物量碳均呈显著负相关(p<0.01),Halothiobacillus的相对丰度与土壤总有机碳(SOC)呈显著正相关(p<0.05),与土壤微生物量碳(MBC)呈显著负相关(p<0.05).研究结果可为治理互花米草过程中微生物多样性的恢复提供科学依据.  相似文献   
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